Space is crucial when setting up a pond, but you don’t always need a lot of it. A little, thoughtfully built pond will frequently perform better than a bigger one that has been hurriedly inserted into a particular garden area. When it comes to building ponds, there are numerous options available nowadays.
Good design is a necessity for any effective and long-lasting pond or water garden. In this piece, we’ll look at the necessities and things to think about before setting up a little pond.
Choosing a location for a fish pond
One of the key elements that affect a fish farm’s performance is choosing the right location. The soil’s ability to retain water and its fertility must be considered before building a fish pond for fish farming. Because these are all aspects that affect how the fish pond will react to fertilisation, both organic and inorganic. The chosen location must have year-round access to enough water for pond filling and other uses. Pollution, residential, industrial, and other detrimental activities shall not occur on the site.
The fish farm must be constructed in an area with enough water since the water depth must be altered periodically. When particularly in comparison to borewell and well water, natural water bodies including reservoirs, rivers, and lakes exhibit steady water quality parameters. The location ought to be far from a flood plain. If water is determined to be either acidic or alkaline, the appropriate correction should be made by adding lime or organic manure, respectively. For a fish pond, the recommended water temperature range is 20–300°C. The quantity of salt mixed with water is known as salinity.
Pond size is an important factor! Size is a crucial factor that depends on your terrain and the features you want in the pond.
A beginner should start with a pond that is between 2000 and 5000 litres in size. Because it is more manageable and large enough to accommodate a few little fish. Anything less than 2000L is regarded as a little pond, thus it is not a good choice for people who want a pond stocked with fish.
We recommend anywhere up to 12000L if you desire to have a fully equipped pond with a wide variety of plants and fish.
However, before beginning, please confirm the size limits for any species, as most pond fish will grow to be fairly huge and require 5000+ litres of water.
Choose the pond design that you want to have in your yard. The pre-formed pond and the flexible pond liner are two of the primary options to take into account. Pre-formed plastic ponds are available in a range of sizes and forms and occasionally feature plant shelves to make planting easier. They are fast and simple to install and secure for both plants and fish.
The second choice you have is to use a pond liner. You have more design freedom with pond liners because you can make them in almost any size and form you choose. Liners are inexpensive and durable, making them perfect for ponds, streams, and waterfalls with a more natural appearance.
Use of pebbles
Pond pebbles help to produce a natural-looking bottom layer, keep your water clean, and aid to provide your fish with a secure environment to live in. However, it’s important to keep in mind that pebbles are only useful for smaller garden ponds because larger ponds with muddy bottoms are prone to suffocate these stones.
Even while pebbles come in a variety of sizes and forms, and these do perform well in ponds, the ideal size for pebbles is about 1 inch. Some people are concerned that adding pebbles to the bottom of their ponds will make them more difficult to clean, but this is not a problem. As they catch any debris in the water and prevent it from floating to the surface, they maintain the pond’s water clean.
The Ideal Soils for Your Pond
Soil can be divided into three categories: sand, silt, and clay. Each one’s unique characteristics have an impact on how a pond functions.
- Clayey Soils
The very small, tightly packed particles that makeup clay compress well to hold water without losing a lot of it to drainage. However, because these particles are so minute, they float in water for a longer period, making the water appear murkier or darker.
- Sandy Soils
Large, scattered particles make up these soils. Due to the quick drainage that results, it will be extremely difficult for highly sandy soils to hold onto enough water to support a pond. Yet, since sand settles more swiftly, it will swiftly float to the pond’s bottom, maintaining the water much cleaner.
- Silty Soils
Medium-sized particles and superior water retention are characteristics of silty soils above sandy soils. However, these soils move and flow more readily when they are saturated with water. It increases erosion and leads to larger accumulation on pond bottoms or erosion of the pond’s borders.
Filling the Pond
Probably wait 72 hours after filling a new pond for the water’s chemistry and temperature to settle. Use the one inch of fish per gallon of water rule for indoor aquariums when determining how many fish you can get.
Never simply drop your fish into the water after they arrive in their packages. Float the transport bags in the pond for 20 minutes to help the temperature equalise and ensure a seamless changeover. Then use a delicate net to remove the fish from their bags before releasing them into the pond. Throw away the water-filled bags.
The stages of building a pond
The creation of a pond typically involves the following processes:
- Clear the area by eliminating undesirable elements such the rocks, plants, and trees.
- Using a cement core to build a strong, seepage-free dyke.
- building a dike over the cement core and constructing a pond.
- Building the inlet and outlet.
- Soil-covered pond dike with grass species growing on it.
- Pond fencing is necessary to prevent theft and the entry of predatory animals.
Any garden would benefit from ponds and water features. They make beautiful features, are excellent for animals, and are a great pastime. Ponds are available in a wide range of sizes and shapes, making them ideal for practically all gardens and outdoor areas.